The Education of All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report (GMR) 2015 states that India made marked progress, increasing its net enrolment ratio significantly as Gross National Product (GNP) per capita improved, suggesting a more equitable distribution of economic gains. The report states that there was particular improvement in reducing gender disparity in primary enrolment in South and West Asia, where the regional Gender Parity Index (GPI) increased from 0.83 in 1999 to parity in 2012. While stating that regional averages mask wide variation among countries it mentions that only four of the eight countries with data over the period achieved parity: Bhutan, India, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Sri Lanka.
The UNESCO’s Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report (GMR)-2015 refers to the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) wherein wide disparities in students’ achievement of basic skills across states has been reported, although India’s education system succeeded at enrolling many more children. The report also mentions about the proliferation of low-fee private schools in urban slums in India.